Friday, December 8

Systematic review of the effect of daily alcohol intake on blood pressure* American Journal of Hypertension

Because most people drink heavily in the evening, this increased blood pressure will often occur the following day. It causes a drop in blood pressure right after drinking and then an increase in blood pressure around 12 hours after drinking. When alcohol is used heavily for a prolonged period of time, it can lead to chronically elevated blood pressure — a condition how does alcohol affect your blood pressure referred to as hypertension. High blood pressure can affect your health, and alcohol use is linked to increased blood pressure and other heart-related concerns. Mayo Clinic states that blood pressure has been found to temporarily increase when drinking three or more drinks in one sitting, and repeated drinking may lead to long-term elevations in blood pressure.

Why are bananas bad for high blood pressure?

Foods high in potassium also can interfere with some medications for high blood pressure and heart failure. It certainly would take more than one banana to raise potassium levels to a dangerous level for the average person, Spees said.

As a result, limiting alcohol consumption and maintaining a decent level of physical activity and exercise can help lower your high blood pressure. The results showed that men consume drinks more often and are more excessive drinkers than woman, indicating a sex-related difference on alcohol consumption patterns. Men are three times more frequent drinkers and intake about 80% more ethanol than women. The drinking pattern and weekly frequency of alcohol consumption in beverages was determined with this instrument [29].

Mixing Beta-Blockers and Alcohol

Drinking more than three drinks in a single sitting will temporarily cause your blood pressure to rise, but extended binge drinking or regular alcohol consumption can cause a permanent increase in blood pressure. High blood pressure is a common health issue in the U.S. that, if not controlled, can increase the risk of serious medical conditions such as heart attacks, stroke, and heart failure. The findings of this review support the current recommendations to avoid alcohol.

Data were balanced across groups, hence missing data did not affect the final results. We conducted a standard Chi² test through Review Manager Software 5.3 to test for heterogeneity (Review Manager (RevMan)). A P value of 0.1 or less was considered to show statistically significant heterogeneity. The I² statistic was used to interpret the level of heterogeneity (Higgins 2011). For the purposes of this review, if I² was greater than 50%, it was considered to show a substantial level of heterogeneity.

The Dire Consequences of High Blood Pressure

Results of the overall summaries (Tables 23 to 4) are presented using both fixed and random effects models; the text contains fixed effects results only. Differences result from heterogeneity of findings across studies and from the fact that small studies tended to show larger differences related to alcohol. Figures 1 and 2 display these results graphically for SBP and DBP, respectively. To accomplish the first aim, we determined fixed- and random-effects summaries of the data for SBP and DBP.

Alcohol is a source of excess calories and a cause of weight gain that can be harmful in the long term. Some people should avoid even that much and not drink at all if they have certain heart rhythm abnormalities or have heart failure. Tasnim, Sara; et al. “Effect of alcohol on blood pressure.” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, July 2020. Someone with low blood pressure should still try to limit their alcohol use and should never use alcohol as a way of treating low blood pressure. Some people may have blood pressure that is naturally lower than normal, but these individuals can still develop high blood pressure from alcohol use. However, if you want to partake in alcohol consumption, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2020–2025 and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) provide the following guidelines.

Mental Health

This increases the risk of strokes, heart attacks and other dangerous health conditions. While blood pressure medicine can help to reduce blood pressure, combining blood pressure medicine with alcohol creates its own set of risks and is generally not recommended. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports a correlation between alcohol consumption and various short- and long-term health risks. A 2018 study showed that no amount of alcohol is considered safe, because its risks lead to a loss of healthy life. Drinking alcohol may also increase blood pressure for a short amount of time even in healthy people.

Considering the difficulty of masking in these types of studies, we decided to also include single‐blind and open‐label studies in the review. We also did not rate the certainty of evidence based on the funding sources of studies or on lack of a registered protocol because we did not think this would affect the effect estimates for these outcomes. However, we noted the lack of description of randomisation and allocation concealment methods in most of the included studies as a reason for downgrading because of the possibility of selection bias. Rosito 1999 reported the effects of 15, 30, and 60 g of alcohol compared to placebo on healthy male volunteers.

Data collection and analysis

It is safest to undergo alcohol withdrawal treatment at a medical detox facility. When someone stops using alcohol after drinking for a long time, they are at risk of extreme side effects, such as a heart attack or stroke. Medical professionals can help facilitate the detox process by monitoring people’s symptoms and providing medication or life support if any medical complications arise. The alcohol detox timeline typically begins with withdrawal symptoms eight hours after use is discontinued, peaking at 24–72 hours and subsiding in 5–7 days. The link between moderate alcohol use and blood pressure drop has become more controversial in recent years. It may be true, for example, that people who drink limited amounts of alcohol may also be more likely to engage in other healthy behaviors that lower their risk of hypertension.

  • To determine short‐term dose‐related effects of alcohol versus placebo on systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in healthy and hypertensive adults over 18 years of age.
  • For one, it damages your arteries, making them less elastic, which in turn lowers the amount of blood and oxygen that flows to your heart.
  • Moderating or abstaining from alcohol consumption is the best non-medical option available for lowering alcohol-induced high blood pressure.
  • The combination of smaller blood vessels and more fluids increases the chances of hypertension.
  • There is no single factor that makes blood pressure increase from alcohol use.
  • Suddenly stopping beta-blockers may cause certain life-threatening health issues, such as a thyroid storm, in people with hyperthyroidism.